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Border Police

Romanian Border Police is part of the Ministry of Administration and Interior and is the specialized agency of the State exercising its tasks on the supervision and control of the border crossings, preventing and fighting against illegal migration and cross-border specific crime committed within the area of competence, observance of the legal regime of the state border, passports and foreigners, observance of public order in the area of competence, under the law.

 

Main tasks

  • Surveillance of the state border of Romania;
  • Preventing illegal border migration and cross-border crime;
  • Checking the necessary documents required for crossing the border;
  • Ensures proper operation of passenger and cargo traffic at crossing points;
  • Provides border control for weapons and ammunition;
  • Surveillance of the state border adjacent airspace;
  • Enforcement of treaties, documents or agreements signed by the Romanian state with neighboring states or international organizations;
  • Other duties established by law - see www.politiadefrontiera.ro.

 

Travel documents

Travel documents required to enter and exit the country are the passport or identity card (only for EU citizens and citizens of countries with which Romania has signed agreements to recognize the identity card as a border crossing document.

 

Visas

Citizens of the EU, Member States of the European Economic Area (Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein) and Switzerland are exempted from the visa to enter Romania according to GEO 102/2005. The same treatment applies to family members of the citizens of EU, EEA and Switzerland, who have a valid document attesting residence in an EU state as a family member.


Foreigners traveling to Romania must obtain in advance a visa from a Romanian embassy or consulate, except those from countries with which Romania signed visa abolition agreements or it was unilaterally renounced to the visa requirement. Further details can be found on the website www.mae.ro


The list of countries whose citizens require a visa to enter Romania can be found at www.politiadefrontiera.ro, “Traveling Conditions” - foreigners.


Travelers from third countries enter into Romania be in accordance with Ordinance 194/2002, as follows:

  • are in possession of a valid state border crossing document, supported by the Romanian state, according to GD 313/2009;
  • possess a visa or residence permit, or other document entitling the holder to transit or stay on the Romanian territory, in accordance with Decisions 582/2008/EC and 586/2008/EC;
  • submit documents justifying the purpose and conditions of stay, which prove the existence of means for maintenance and return to country of origin, or transit to a state where they are allowed to entry;
  • no measure banning them from entering Romania was adopted or they were not declared undesirable;
  • they are not dangerous for the defense, national security, public order, public health or morals in Romania.


According to GEO 194/2002, the border police may issue transit or short stay visa at border crossing points, only as an exception in the following cases:

  • In case of emergency caused by disasters, natural disasters or accidents;
  • In case of death or serious illness of close relatives, supported by appropriate documents;
  • If aircraft crew and passengers are in special situations, being forced to land due to malfunction, weather or danger of terrorist attack;
  • To officials of international organizations delegated to accomplish official missions in Romania, in a short span.

This ensures compliance with the Regulation 810/2009 EC and Regulation 562/2006 EC.


To issue a visa at the border crossing point, it is necessary that the applicant:

  • Must hold a valid border crossing document;
  • Must justify the purpose and conditions of stay and have sufficient means of subsistence;
  • Must not be the subject of a SIS alert as to deny its entry, and not be considered a threat to Romanian state;
  • Must not have been able to apply for a visa in advance and submit documents substantiating unforeseeable and imperative reasons for entry;
  • Must prove the certainty of returning to the country of origin or residence or allowing transit to other countries.

 

Traveling conditions abroad for Romanian underage citizens

Romanian underage citizens may exit the country only if accompanied by an individual adult. Conditions in this case are set out in Art. 30 of Law 248/2005.


Border police allows Romanian underage citizens to exit Romania only if accompanied by an individual adult in the following cases:


a) the underage child who is the holder of an individual travel document or, where appropriate, an identity card and traveling abroad accompanied by both parents is allowed to exit the country under the same conditions as them


b) the underage child who is the holder of an individual travel document or, where appropriate, an identity card and traveling abroad with one parent is allowed to exit the country under the same conditions as its parent only if the accompanying parent submits an affidavit of other parent showing its consent for the underage child to travel in the State Member or state of destination and on the period thereof, or, if applicable, brings documents attesting the death of the other parent;

 

c) the underage child who is the holder of an individual travel document or, where appropriate, an identity card and travels abroad with one parent is allowed to exit the country under the same conditions and together with it, without needing the affidavit of the other parent, unless the accompanying parent brings substantiated evidence that the underage child has been entrusted to it by a final and irrevocable court decision;

 

d) the underage child who is the holder of an individual travel document or, where appropriate, an identity card and travels accompanied by another individual adult is allowed to exit the country under the same conditions and together with it only if the accompanying person submits an affidavit of both parents or, where applicable, the parent to whom the child was entrusted by final and irrevocable court decision, the surviving father or his legal representative, giving their consent on the underage child traveling to the destination state(s), the period of the journey and the identification data of the accompanying person in question

 

Affidavits provided in par. (1). b)-d) must be in duplicate and should be authenticated by a notary public in the country and by diplomatic missions or consular offices abroad or, if they were given before foreign authorities, to meet the requirements of notarization provided by law or bear an Apostille under the Convention on Abolishing the Requirement of Legalisation for Foreign Public Documents, adopted at Hague on 5 October 1961, to which Romania joined by the Government Ordinance no. 66/1999, approved by Law no. 52/2000, as subsequently mended. A copy of the declaration shall be kept by the accompanying person and the second copy shall accompany the passport of the underage child.


Adult individuals other than parents, persons accompanying the underage children are required to hold a certificate of criminal record issued for this purpose.


For further information about formalities necessary for entering or leaving the country, contact the Border Police of „Avram Iancu” International Airport Cluj by phone at: 0264 307 530.